BROTHERS BOUND IN BLOOD : A GROUP-PORTRAITURE (Intentionally Blurred to Protect The Guilty) OF 林 一平 (“LIN yĪ-PÍNG [‘GǢĨǢN SUSTAINABILITY’];” ALIAS[ED] DOUGLAS DUANE DIETRICH) FRONT-AND-CENTRE ‘O’ HIS TRANSNATIONAL 堂 (“TÔNG,” properly “TÁNG [‘HALL’];” referential of a “SINOGANG”) – REPRESENTED HERE IN E(lectronic)-CARD FORMAT IN CÉLÉBRATION OF TRANSITION INTO ƵODIACAL 红火鸡年 (“HÓNGHUO-JĪ NIÁN [‘YEAR-‘O’-THE RED FIRE-COCK,’ or ‘ROOSTER’]”) THIS FOUR THOUSAND, SEVEN HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH YEAR OF 中-越 日历 (“ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ-RÌLÌ [literally THE ‘CORE-VIỆT CALENDAR,’ id est THE ‘SINOVIỆT CALENDAR’]”).
A BACKGROUND ANALYSIS OF ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ-RÌLÌ (THE “SINOVIỆT CALENDAR”) :
Many 中國人 (“ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén [literally ‘Middle-Kingdom Peoples,’ id est ‘Chinese’]”) and Việt-Námese Communities Around The World Respect The Far East-Asian Lūnar Calendar, which Predates The Gregorian Calendar by Millennia. The 中-越 日历 (“ƵChuṑnggyuè-Rìlì [‘Sinoviệt Calendar’]”) is a Lūnisólar Calendrical System that is used to determine important Célébratory Dates – such as The Far East-Asian Lūnar New Year.
The “Gregorian” Calendrical System is Imposed throughout The Ænglish-Speaking World : An AD (Annō Dominī) MDLXXXII CÈ (Commonal Èræ) Modification (c[irc]a 1582) In Nominum (lit[erally] “In The Name of […]”) GREGORIUS PP XIII (“GREGORIO XIII [‘POPE GREGORY THE 13th’],” born UGO BONOCOMPAGNI, AD 1502—d[eceased] 1585 CÈ; Ascended Unto Infallibility : AD 1572—1585 CÈ) of The “Julian” Calendrical System as Established in Ancient Rṓmằ (“Rōmẽ”) by DIVUS IMPERATOR (“DIVINE COMMANDER”) GAIUS JULIUS CÆSAR (b[irthed] AChN [Antechristum Natum; Latin / lit “Precedent Christóús’ Deliverance”] 100—d44 ANCÈ [“Avant Notre Commonal Èræ;” Français / lit “Prior Our Common Era”]; Dictator Apotheosis [Consul Speaker Worshiped as a Living God Throughout The Imperial East] : AChN 49—44 ANCÈ; Assassinated & Deified [Officially Recognized as a God by The Rṓmãn Peoples’ State Upon His Murder]).
Although many other Calendrical Systems have existed through History, and still others are used in large parts of The World Today, it is The Gregorian Calendar that is Currently Inflicted upon Humanity as The International Standard – complete with Months derived from their Latin Names and its peculiarly truncated Month of February (it speaks volumes about the baseline insensitivity of American Culture that Afrikan-Americans have been Granted the shortest Month of The Year as “Black History Month”).
GREGORIAN GLOBALIZATION THROUGH COMMUNIZATION :
During The Dark Days of 文化革命 (“Wénhuà-Gémìng [‘The Cultural Revolution’]”) in 毛中国 (“Máo-ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá [lit ‘Máoist Central State,’ id est ‘Máoist China’]”), Published Calendars deliberately Excluded Lūnar Dates to avoid Appearing to Endorse Traditional Culture in Modern Times.
Resultantly : Only The Gregorian Calendar is Official in 中国 (“ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá [The ‘Central State,’ id est ‘China’]”)-Proper for Civil Purposes Today, and The 大陆 中國人 (“Dà-lù ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén [lit ‘Continental Central Static Peoples,’ id est ‘Mainland Chinese’]”) still abiding by Nominal Communism tend to be ambivalent enough about “Archaic” Lūnar Dates that they have yet to Manufacture, say, a Watch that Displays Lūnar as well as Sólar Dates.
ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ RÌ-LÌ (THE “CORE [‘SINO’]-VIỆT CALENDAR”) IN POSTMODERN SOCIETY :
In Practice, however : ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá (The “Middle Kingdom [‘China’]”) Employs Two Calendars : One Lūnar and The Other The Gregorian, the Two Alternative Chronometries oft being Referenced as The 陰 (“Yīn [Soft, Passive, Feminine / ‘Negative’ – not in the ‘Evil’ sense but in the ‘Darkroom-Developmental’ sense]”) Calendar and The 陽 (“Yáng [Hard, Active, Masculine / ‘Positive’ – yet not always in the Constructive sense]”) Calendar, respectively; or as “The (Lūna)-Agricultural Calendar” and “The (Inter)-National Calendar.” There is also an Indigenous Traditional ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén (“Middle Kingdom Peoples’ [‘Chinese’]”) Sólar Calendar – quite apart from The Gregorian Calendar (see further below).
Such being said : The Far East-Asian Lūnar Calendar is still Applied among the various 中-越 (“ƵChuṑnggyuè [lit ‘Core-Việt,’ id est ‘Sinoviệt’]”) Communities Across The Globe to determine Festivity Dates (such as The Far East-Asian Lūnar New Year), as well as Auspicious Dates – such as Wedding Dates. It is also Employed to Determine Phases of ΣΕΛΉΝΗ-DIANA (“SÉLḖNĒ-DIANA [Ancient Græco-Rṓmãn Goddess of ‘THE MOON’];” DIANA [lit “DIVINE LIGHT”] being The White Goddess of The Moon, Nature and The Hunt, The Forest[s] and Woodland[s], Animals Wild and Domestic, Chastity In Prenuptiality and Fertility In Wedlock and Protector of Women In Childbirthing) because it follows The Lūnar Cycle(s), as ƵChuṑnggyuè (“Core [‘Sino’]-Việts”) around The World continᵫ to Celebrate Traditional Holidays by The Cycles of Σελήνη-Diana (“Sélḗnēdiana [‘The Moon’ Personified]”); as opposed to 大きい日本 (“Ōoki-I Nīpphôn [‘Greater Japan’]”) – where The Populace considers itself as Caucasian as it does Asian – and such Festivals as have been Assimilated from ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá (The “Middle Kingdom”) have been shifted to Sólar Dates. (한국) 의 공화국 (“[Han-Gug] Ui Gong Hwa Guk [The ‘Republic of South Korea’]”) has followed a similar route on-basis the overwhelming Inflᵫnce(s) of Christianization on The Northeast Asian Peninsula.
With But One Exception : ALL Traditional ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Festivities are based on The Lūnar Calendar. Thus So, Traditionally, were Markets, Court Sessions, Temple Fairs and All Private Agreements to Confer to Conduct Business.
ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ-RÌLÌ (THE “SINOVIỆT CALENDAR”) FEATURES :
The ƵChuṑnggyuè-Rìlì (“Sinoviệt Calendar”) is Lūnisólar. It is based on Exact Astronomical Observation(s) of Phases per Sélḗnēdiana (“The Moon”) and Longitude per ἨΈΛΙΟΣOΛ ΑΝΊΚΗΤΟΣ (“hIĒLIOUSÓL INVICTUS [THE ‘INVINCIBLE hYPERĪ́ŌNSON’ : Meaning of, or pertinent to, The Ancient Grecian Titan-God of The Sun – ‘hYperī́ōn’s-Son,’ or ‘Son of The Titan hYperī́ōn’ – Official Sun-God of The Later Roman Empire and Patron of Soldiers, as well as Guardian of Oaths and of The Gift of Sight]”). It attempts to have its Years coincide with The Tropical Year and shares some similarities with The Judaic Calendar – The Normative Year being consistent of Twelve Months Totaling between Three Hundred and Fifty-Three to Three Hundred and Fifty-Five Days (1 yr = 12 mnths / 353—355 dys) whilst a Leap Year comprises Thirteen Months Totaling between Three Hundred and Eighty-Three to Three Hundred and Eighty-Five Days (Leap Yr = 13 mnths / 383—385 dys).
ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ-RÌLÌ GENESIS :
The ƵChuṑnggyuè-Rìlì’s Origin(s) can be traced as far back as AChN C14 ANCÈ (Antechristum Natum [“Precedent Christóús’ Deliverance”] Au XIVe Siècle [“The Fourteenth Century”], Avant Notre Commonal Èræ [“Prior Our Common Era”]). The Prehistoric 商代 (“Shāng-Dài [‘Shāng Dynasty’]”) Oracle Bones Sourcing from c(irc)a AChN Le XVIe—XIe Siècles, Avant Notre Commonal Èræ (Antechristum Natum: The Sixteenth Through Eleventh C[enturie]s, Precedent Our Common Era [ca 16th—11th C’s, ANCÈ]”) provide Evidence of The Lūnisólar Calendrical Paradigm which has since been much Modified yet persists To This Day.
It Is Known That THE YELLOW EMPEROR 黃帝 (“HUWÁNGT-DÌ [born ‘XUANYUAN HUWÁNGT-DÌ,’ AChN 2704—d2597 ANCÈ];” Reigned For a Century [One Hundred Years] From The Age of Seven : AChN 2697—2597 ANCÈ [The Patron Saint of 道學 – “Dàôū-Xᵫ,” or The “School of The Way” – He Is Said To Have Become as Unto an Immortal Upon His Physical Death]) Introduced The Calendar between AChN 3000—2600 ANCÈ, or c(a) AChN MMDCXXXVII (c2637 ANCÈ).
It Is Also Known That it was 電訊管理局局長 NAO (“DIÀNXÙN GUǍNLǏ JÚ JÚƵHǍNG-NAO [‘TA-NAO’]”) – Signals and Communications Minister To The Yellow Emperor Huwángt-Dì – who, By Command Of His Sovereign, Devised The Sexagenary Cycle (Huwángt-Dì Established The Dragon Throne ca AChN MMDCXCVII [c2697 ANCÈ] and The Sixty-First Year of His Reign was Taken for The First Cyclical Sign). His August Personage’s Information Minister Ta-Nao Prepared The First Calendar – called The 正大慈濟 (“Ƶhèng Dài Cí Jì [‘Chia-Tƶu’]”) or 菅直人志 (“Jiān-Ƶhí-Rén Ƶhì [‘Kan-Chih’]”) System, either of which approximates as The “System of Cyclical Characters” in The Ænglish.
Another aspect was incorporated into The 日历 (“Rì-Lì [‘Calendar’]”) because this was intentionally Disseminated as a Popularly Accessible Chronometric System. Twelve to Thirteen (12—13) Totemic Animals were Identified with each Year during The 易朝 (“ƵChōu-Shì Ch’‘áo [‘ƵChōu Dynasty’]” : Ca AChN 1066—771 ANCÈ) Period. These Twelve to Thirteen Animals are commonly understood as The Twelve Ƶodiacal Animals in Western Culture (where the fact that a Thirteenth Animal enters The Chronometry during Leap Years is almost entirely unknown) – and as such are oft dismissed to be merely Popular Symbols of no great significance – but Lore and Legend(s) linked to The Origin(s) of The Twelve to Thirteen Animals imbᵫs these Totems a Mythopœic relevance not well appreciated in The West.
ƵChuōnggkGHuóuá Resisted The Gregorian Calendar until ca AD MCMXII (c1912 CÈ) : The Year Following Foundation of The 民族主義者的中華民國 (“Mín-Ƶú-Ƶhǔ-Yì Ƶhě Dí ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá-MíngkGHuóuá [‘Ethno-Nationalist Extremists’ Republic of The Central State’]”) in AD MCMXI (1911 CÈ) – and even thence it was never widely Observed throughout The Nation until The 中国共产党’s (“ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá Gòng-Chǎn D‘tǎng’s [‘Central Static Communist Party’s’]”) Occupation of The Mainland ca AD MCMXLIX (c1949 CÈ).
Universal Convolution Occurred October The First of That Year when 伟大的领袖毛泽东主席, 人民的大救星 (“WĚIDÀ DE LǏNGXIÙ MÁO Ƶ’sHTĬE-D‘tŬŌNǴ ƵHǓXÍ, RÉNMÍN DE DÀ JIÙXĪNG [‘GREAT LEADER CHAIRMAN MÁO Ƶ’sHTĬE-D‘tŬŌNǴ, SAVIOUR OF THE PEOPLE’];” b1893—d1976; 第 1 次的中国共产党中央委员会主席 [“Dì 1 Cì Dí ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá-Gòng-Chǎn-Dǎng-ƵChuṑngg-Yāng-Wěi-Yuán-Huì Ƶhǔ-Xí,” or “1st Chairman of The Central Committee of The Communist Party of China”] : 1945—1976) Established The 中华人民共和国 (“ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Mínggòng-HékGHuóuá [‘Central Static Peoples’ Collective Republic of National Statehood’]”) and Decreed that The Year(s) should be Recorded In Accord with The Gregorian Calendar.
HISTORICAL DATING :
Historical Dates were – and in 漢語普通話國家語言 (“Hàn-Yǔ Pǔ-Tōng-HuàkGHuóuá-jiā Yǔ-Yán [‘The Common Ethnic Chinese National Language of The Mandarin Dialect’]”) often still are – normally given as a Dynasty Name plus Reign Name plus Year Within Said Reign (as Counted From The First Lūnar New Year In The Identified Reign), Followed by The Lūnar Month and The Day of That Month :
1903 July 24 = 清, 光绪, 二十九年, 六月, 十一日
Qīng Dynasty, Guāngxù Reign, 29th Year, 6th Lūnar Month, 11th Day
(Since All Reign Names begin on Lūnar New Year, a Month or Two after Sólar New Year, ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Reign Years do not perfectly Correspond with Western Years – but the Discrepancy is Marginal enough that it is oft either easily ignored or readily calibrated).
In my own Homeland of 民族主義者的中華民國在臺灣一個百島 (“Mín-Ƶú-Ƶhǔ-Yì Ƶhě Dí ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuá MíngkGHuóuá Ƶài Táiwān Yī Gè Bǎi Dǎo [‘República da China dos Nationaliasts, a em um cem Islhlas de Formosa,’ or ‘The Ethno-Nationalist Extremists’ Republic of Central Statehood on The One Hundred Islands of Táiwān’];” est 1911), the Convention of Operating “Reign Name(s)” continᵫs, and Dates are normally given in Years Since The Founding of The Republic of China – although The Numbers Change on Sólar New Year (January First).
Ergō : AD MM (2000 CÈ) was :
民國 89 in The Characters of Hànyǔ Pǔtōnghuà Guójiā Yǔyán (The “Common Ethnic Chinese National Language of The Mandarin Dialect”);
MíngkGHuóuá 89 in 拼音 (“Pīnyīn [‘Mandarin Romanization’]”);
or ROC 89 (89th Year of The Republic of China) in The Ænglish.
It is Presently 民國 (MíngkGHuóuá [ROC]) 106
ATDE (At Time of Data Entry : AD MMXVII [2017 CÈ]).
HISTORY & PRACTICABILITY :
The Term “Dark Age(s)” was Coined In Reason. A Lūnar Calendar – wherein a Month corresponds to The Cycle of Phases of Sélḗnēdiana – is most practical in a (Post-EMP [Aftermath : Electromagnetic Pulsation] / Technologically Collapse[d]) Society where there is little by way of Artificial Lighting and the Presence or Absence of a Bright Moon decides the very possibility of Nocturnal Activity / Operational Action(s) or simply navigating one’s way to The Outhouse without Mishap.
Alternatively : A Sólar Calendar – with The Year anchored to The Sólstices and Equinoxes – more realistically reflects our experience with The Seasons, and facilitates discussing longer-term Historical Phenomena (or, at the level of Personal Practicality : The Age[s] of [an] Individual[s] or when The Mortgage will need to be Paid Off).
By The Middle of Le Deuxième Millénaire Avant Notre Èræ Commune Dans Le Christóús (“The Second Millennium Before Our Common Era In Christ [c.AChN L’‘IIe Millénaire, 1500’s ANCÈ]”) – Thirty-Five Hundred Years (3500 yrs) Ago, Approximated – ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Observers had Concluded that The Sólar Year was Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days and Six Hours (365.25 dys) In Length (Actual Length of The Sólar Year is only minutely shorter, which is why – in The International Gregorian Calendar – The Leap Year is Skipped in Centennial Years [unless they are Equally Divisible by Four Hundred] although a Leap Year is normatively generated by adding a Twenty-Ninth Day to The Month of February in Years Equally Divisible by Four)
Each Cycle of Sélḗnēdiana is very close to Twenty-Nine and a Half Days (29.5 dys) in length. To accommodate The Half-Day, ƵChuōnggkGHuóuárén Months Alternate between Twenty-Nine to Thirty Days (29 Dys—30 Dys) of length. But, as in all Calendars, The Cycle of Lūnations are awkwardly Recalibrated to fit The Length of The Sólar Year :
One Year = Three Hundred & Sixty-Five Days (1 Yr = 365 dys)
Twelve (12) Lūnar Months = 29.5 x 12 = (354 dys [11 dys “short” per Sólar Year])
In Other Words: There are (365.25 ÷ 29.5 =) 12.3813559322 Lūnar Months per Year (12.5 Lūnamonths / Sólyear [those who apply The Current Gregorian Calendar ignore this problem altogether and let Sélḗnēdiana Pass Through Her Phases Without Regard to The Days of Our Presently Artificial “Months”]).
That is not a very felicitous number if one aims to configure a Calendar that fits the movement(s) of both Cǽlestial Bodies. Since each Sólar Year is about a Third (1 / 3rd [33%]) of a Lūnar Month longer than Twelve Lūnar Months, one might conceivably Moderate the Discrepancy by adding an Extra Month every Third Year :
3 Years = 365.25 x 3 Days = 1095.75 Days
37 Months = 29.5 x 37 = 1091.5 Days
Difference = 4.25 Days in Three Years, 1.4167 Days per Year (4.25 dys / 3 yrs [1.45 dys / yr])
Such is still a comparatively large Discrepancy. This Dilemma was partially Solved – apparently around the same time that 孔夫丘 (“K’ung Fū-Qiū [‘K’ung Fū-Ƶuǐnism,’ or ‘Confucianism’]”) emerged as an Ethical Philosophy during 春秋時代 (“Ch’ūn-Qu’iū Shíh-Dài [The ‘Spring and Autumn Periods’ : Ca AChN 770—476 ANCÈ]”) – by using a Cycle of Nineteen Years, within Seven of which Intercalary Months were Integrated :
19 Years = 365.25 Days = 6939.75 Days (6935 if [the] Quarter Days are Omitted)
19 Years x 12 Months = 228 Months + 7 Intercalary Months = 235 Months
235 Months x 29.5 Days = 6932.5 Days
This still involves a Discrepancy of 7.25 Days in Nineteen Years – or over a Third of a Day per Year (33% dy / yr).
LEAP YEARS :
The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì features Twelve Months – an Extra Month being Appended into The Rìlì (“Calendar”) whence Leap Year occurs (Leap Years in The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì last Thirteen Months, unlike Leap Years in The Gregorian Calendar in which an Extra Twenty-Four Hours [a Single Day] is accommodated). A Leap Month is Appended to The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì about Once Every Three Years (1 LpMnth / 3 yrs). A Leap Year in The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì does not necessarily fall at the same time a Leap Year occurs in The Gregorian Calendar.
One must Calculate The Number of New Moons between The Eleventh Month in One Year, which is the Month with The December Sólstice, and the Eleventh Month in The Following Year to ascertain if a Year is a Leap Year.
The Leap Year must be Inserted if there are Thirteen New Moons From The proceeding Point of The Eleventh Month In The First Year To The Proceeding Point of The Eleventh Month In The Second Year. At Least One Month does not contain a 中旗 (“ƵChuṑngg-Qí [lit ‘Banner’s-Eye;’ here implying ‘Principal Term’]”) in Leap Years. The Sólar Term System has Twelve Principal Terms to indicate hIēliousól Invictus’ (“Invincible hYperī́ōnson’s [‘The Sun’s’]”) Longitudes at every Thirty Degrees (30º). The First Month That Lacks a ƵChuṑnggqí (“Bannerseye [‘Principal Term’]”) is Determined as The Leap Month.
CALCULATING ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ NEW YEAR :
There are Two Popularly Applied Methods which are used to Calculate The New Year by The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì. The First Method is based on the fact that ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year should be The New Moon closest to The Blossoming of Spring in The Northern Hemisphere, known as 立春 (“Lì-Chūn [‘Spring Blossoms’];” Approximately February 5th by Gregorian Calendrical Reckoning [see 节气 : “JIÉ-QÌ – ‘TABLE OF SÓLAR TERMS’,” Further Below]). This Rule is Correct most of the time, but is Inapplicable if Lì-Chūn (“Spring Blossoms”) Close to Halfway between Two New Moons. It was Inapplicable ca AD 1985 CÈ and was Inapplicable yet again a Few Years Aback (ca AD 2015 CÈ [ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year Will Always Fall Between January 21st and February 21st Within The Gregorian Matrix]).
The Second Popularly Applied Method is based on the fact that ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year will oft Fall Eleven Days (sometimes Ten or Twelve Days) Earlier Than The Previous Year, but if that means that the event would be outside of The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year Range of 01 / 21—02 / 21 (January 21st Through February 21st), Gregorian, a Leap Month must be Added so ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year jumps Nineteen Days (or sometimes Eighteen Days) Later.
ƵCHUṐNGGYUÈ LŪNAR & SÓLAR CALENDERS AND INTERCALARY MONTHS :
The Modern ƵChuṑnggyᵫ Lūnar Calendar, which seems to have developed Sometime c.AChN L’IIIe Siècle ANCÈ (Antechristum Natum Le Troisième Siècle Avant Notre Commonal Èræ [“Prechristóús’ Deliverance : Century 3 Precedent Our Common Era”]), still Designates some Months as Long Months (Thirty Days) and some Months as Short Months (Twenty-Nine Days). This is linked to The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ Sólar Calendar which, of course, does not correspond to The Gregorian Calendar. And this brings us in turn to The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ Sólar Calendar itself …
The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ Sólar Calendar is based on the Movement of Our Champion Sun hIēliousól Invictus (“Invincible hYperī́ōnson [in disambiguation from All The Other Suns In The Skies]”) Over Twenty-Four Nominal (Named) Points Fifteen Degrees (15º) Apart on The Three Hundred and Sixty-Degree (360º) Solar Ecliptic (These Points are Academically Referenced as “Sólar Terms” in The Ænglish – Names of The Twenty-Four Terms themselves being provided At Bottom and Each of them Falling Within a Day or so of The Same Date on The Gregorian Calendar Each Year).
Sólar Movement Over The Ecliptic is such that The Nominal Sólar Terminal Points are Fifteen and One-Fifth Days (15.2 dys) Apart (Totaling Three Hundred, Sixty-Four and Four-Fifth Days [364.8 dys]). hIēliousól Invictus takes (15.2 x 2 =) Thirty and Four-Tenth Days (30.4 dys) to move from one Sólar Term, Across The Next, and Enter The One After that (a slightly longer Period than a Single Lūnar Month). Therefore: Whereas Most Lūnar Months will contain Two Sólar Points, a Few Lūnar Months will contain but One. This Triggers Immediate Insertion of an Additional 闰月 (“Rùn-Yuè [‘Intercalary Lūnar Month’]”).
Lūnar Months are Numbered rather than Named. Although The Intercalary Month receives the same Number as The Preceding Month (Preceded by The Character “闰 [‘Rùn’]”), No Festivals Associated with that Month are Repeated (Indeed, Intercalary Months have a Reputation for being rather dreary, since there are No Festivals at all Associated with them, and some even think of them as being generally Times of Ill Fortune[s]).
The Effect of Inserting The Intercalary Months based on Discrepancy between The Lūnar and The Sólar Cycles is to provide Constant Correction for the Incongruity between The Two Calendars. This Device has Maintained The Lūnar Calendar reasonably well Co-Ördinated to both The Phases of Sélḗnēdiana and The Applied Sólar Year for Sometime Ô’‘ēr Two Millennia (Two Thousand Plus Years [2000+ yrs]).
Because of its association(s) with The Workings of The Cosmos : Calculation of The Calendar has ever been an Imperial Governmental Prerogative until Le Vingtième Siècle De Notre Seigneur (L’XXe Siècle Anno Domini [‘The Twentieth Century of Our Lord’]) – so working it out for oneself and Publishing one’s own Calendar was considered an Act of Treason.
ALMANACS & HOROSCOPY :
In Addition to Sólar and Lūnar Calendars, ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Tradition provides for The Continuous Numbering of The Years, Months and Days using a Neverending Cycle of Sixty Two-Character Terms, each made of one of The Ten “Heaven Stems” and one of The Twelve “Earth Branches.” This Numbering naturally blocks Years into Cycles of Sixty – which are Continuously Numbered – Beginning From AChN 2397 ANCÈ.
COUNTING THE YEARS AND THE SIXTY-YEAR-CYCLE :
The ƵChuṑnggyᵫ-Rìlì does not count Years in an Infinite Seqᵫnce. Each Year is Assigned a Name consisting of Two Components within each Sixty-Year Cycle. The First Component is a Cǽlestial Stem :
甲 (“Jiǎ [Associated w / Growing Wood]”);
乙 (“Yǐ [Associated w / Cut Timber]”);
丙 (“Bǐng [Associated w / Natural Fire]”);
丁 (“Dīng [Associated w / Artificial Fire]”);
戊 (“Wù [Associated w / Earth]”);
己 (“Jǐ [Associated w / Earthenware]”);
庚 (“Gēng [Associated w / Metal]”);
辛 (“Xīn [Associated w / Wrought Metal]”);
壬 (“Rén [Associated w / Running Water]”);
癸 (“Guǐ [Associated w / Standing Water]”)
The Second Component is a Tèrrestrial Branch Featuring The Names of Totemic Animals in a Ƶodiacal Cycle Normally Consistent of Twelve Animals, as Listed Below :
1st Trine. 鼠 SHǓ (子) ƵI (RAT / MOUSE) :
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Water;
2nd Trine. 牛 NIÚ (丑) CHOU (BULL / OX / COW
[WATER BUFFALO in Việt-Nám]) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element : Water;
3rd Trine. 虎 HǓ (寅) YÍN (TIGER) :
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Wood;
4th Trine. 兎 TÙ (卯) MǍO (HARE / RABBIT
[CAT in Việt-Nám]) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element : Wood;
1st Trine. 龙 LÓNG (辰) CHÉN (DRAGON) :
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Wood;
2nd Trine. 蛇 SHÉ (巳) SÌ (SERPENT / SNAKE) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element : Fire;
3rd Trine. 馬 / 马 MǍ (午) WǓ (HORSE / MARE) :
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Fire;
4th Trine. 羊 YÁNG (未) WÈI (RAM / GOAT / SHEEP) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element: Fire;
1st Trine. 猴 HÓU (申) SHĒN (APE / MONKEY):
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Metal;
2nd Trine. 鸡 JĪ (酉) YǑU (COCK / ROOSTER / HEN / CHICKEN) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element : Metal;
3rd Trine. 狗 GǑU / 犬 QUǍN (戌) XŪ (WOLF / DOG / BITCH) :
陽 (“Yáng”), Fixed Element : Metal;
4th Trine. 猪 ƵHŪ (亥) HÀI (BOAR / HOG / SWINE / PIG) :
陰 (“Yīn”), Fixed Element : Water.
THE ANIMAL SIGN ONE IS BORN UNDER :
Each of The Two Components is used Seqᵫntially. Therefore : The First Year of The Sixty-Year Cycle becomes 甲子 (“Jiǎ-Ƶi [‘Woodland Mouse’]”), The Second Year is 乙丑 (“Yǐ-Chou [‘Lumber Ox’]”), and so on. One starts from The Beginning when The End of a Component is reached. The Tenth Year is 癸酉 (“Guǐ-Yǒu [‘Stillwater Cock’]”), The Eleventh Year is 甲戌 (“Jiǎ-Xū [‘Woodland Wolf’]”) – Restarting The Cǽlestial Stem. The Twelfth Year is 乙亥 (“Yǐ-Hài [‘Lumber Hog’]”) and The Thirteenth Year is 丙子 (“Bǐng-Ƶi [‘Fire Rat’]”) – Restarting The Cǽlestial Branch. Finally: The Sixtieth Year is 癸亥 (“Guǐ-Hài [‘Stillwater Swine’]”).
This Pattern of Naming Years Within a Sixty-Year Cycle Dates Back Two Millennia (Two Thousand Years), Approximate(d). A Similar Naming of Months and Days is no longer used but The Date Name is still Listed in Calendars. It has been Customary to Number The Sixty-Year Cycle Since AChN 2637 ANCÈ – when The Calendar was Established.
Although Previously Dates like 辛卯 (“Xīn-Mǎo [lit ‘Mechanical Rabbit;’ here denoting ‘Year Number Twenty-Eight in The Cycle of Sixty’]”) were Commonly Applied in Dating, Today such Designations are not actually employed for Calendrical Purposes, but figure in Calculations of The “Astrological” Qualities of Each Day (and are Given on Calendars).
ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year Falls on The First Day of The First Lūnar Month. The Insertion of Intercalary Months is the reason why ƵChuṑnggyᵫ New Year, like Other Traditional ƵChuṑnggyᵫ Festivals, does not correspond with the same Gregorian Date each Year.
It is The Lūnar Calendar which Determines Celebration of Nearly All Festival Days. Only One Significant ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Festival : 清明 (“Qīng-Míng [‘Clear and Bright’]”), is based on The Twenty-Four Sólar Terms (it is for this reason most ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén pay Little or No Attention[s] to The Sólar Terms – yet I myself have been confronted with Ignorant Postmodern ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén High School Students who vigorously Insist that Qīngmíng [“Clear & Bright”], being Traditional, is therefore a Lūnar Festival – even though they are unable to explain why it Never seems to Fall on The Same Lūnar Date …).
节气 (“JIÉ-QÌ [‘TABLE OF SÓLAR TERMS’]”)
Herein The Approximated Gregorian Month (#XX) & Day (#XX) of The Harvest Cycle is Presented;
Followed by : The Original Term in ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén Characters;
Followed by : The 拼音 (“Pīn-Yīn [‘Mandarin Romaniƶation’]”);
Followed by : The Ænglish Transliteration :
02 / 05 立春 (“Lì-Chūn [‘Spring Blossoms’]”)
02 / 19 雨水 (“Yǔ-Shuǐ [‘Rains’]”)
03 / 05 惊蛰 (“Jīng-Zhé [‘Insects Awaken’]”)
03 / 20 春分 (“Chūn-Fēn [‘Vernal Equinox’]”)
04 / 05 清明 (“Qīng-Míng [‘Clear and Bright’]”)
04 / 20 谷雨 (“Gǔ-Yǔ [‘Grain Rain’]”)
05 / 05 立夏 (“Lì-Xià [‘Summer Begins’]”)
05 / 21 小满 (“Xiǎo-Mǎn [‘Grain Buds’]”)
06 / 06 芒种 (“Máng-Zhòng [‘Grain in Ear’]”)
06 / 21 夏至 (“Xià-Zhì [‘Summer Solstice’]”)
07 / 07 小暑 (“Xiǎo-Shǔ [‘Slight Heat’]”)
07 / 23 大暑 (“Dà-Shǔ [‘Great Heat’]”)
08 / 07 立秋 (“Lì-Qiū [‘Autumn Begins’]”)
08 / 23 处暑 (“Chǔ-Shǔ [‘Heat Stops’]”)
09 / 08 白露 (“Bái-Lù [‘White Dews’]”)
09 / 23 秋分 (“Qiū-Fēn [‘Autumn Equinox’]”)
10 / 08 寒露 (“Hán-Lù [‘Cold Dews’]”)
10 / 23 霜降 (“Shuāng-Jiàng [‘Hoar Frost Falls’]”)
11 / 07 立冬 (“Lì-Dōng [‘Winter Begins’]”)
11 / 22 小雪 (“Xiǎo-Xuě [‘Light Snow’]”)
12 / 07 大雪 (“Dà-Xuě [‘Great Snow’]”)
12 / 21 冬至 (“Dōng-Zhì [‘Winter Solstice’]”)
01 / 06 小寒 (“Xiǎo-Hán [‘Slight Cold’]”)
01 / 21 大寒 (“Dà-Hán [‘Great Cold’]”)
~ The Most Dangerous Man Either Side ‘o’ The Pacific’s FB-TL (FaceBook TimeLine) Coadministrator, The Ma Dame Executrix-Producer Lauralee Šolōmōn, REVOLUTION RADIO Hostess, Late-Friday Night(s) Into Early Saturday Morning(s) on “PATHS OF THE GREAT ADVENTURE (Prógramme Description @ <https://www.facebook.com/notes/laura-lee-solomon/qi-lin-info-warrior-tarot-and-qabalah-study-group/332735770231456?pnref=lhc>; Broadcasting Ô’‘ēr Senior Studio A Into Every Weekend @ 02:00 AM Eastern [Time] & 11:00 PM Pacific via <WWW.FREEDOMSLIPS.COM>)” and Sunday Evening(s) on “CHARTING YOUR COURSE (Broadcasting Ô’‘ēr Studio B @ 10:00 PM Eastern [Time] & 07:00 PM Pacific via <WWW.FREEDOMSLIPS.COM>)”
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— THE AMERASIAN AGENT ‘O’ THE PEACOCK ǼNGÆL مَلَك طَاوُوس (“TAWÛSÊ MELEK [‘MELEK TA’‘US’]”) HOLDS THE KEY TO BREAKAWAY PERCEPTION :
The Germanic Surname “Dietrich” – as Transliterated into The Ænglish – means “(The) Master Key, Skeleton Key, (a) Key That Can Open All Doors”
– Publicly “LIKE” and Follow
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and Intraglobal Crises Analyst 林 一平 (“Lín yĪ-Píng
[‘Дукич Димитрич’ / ‘Đûkič Đimitrič;’ or ‘Douglas Dietrich’]”)
The Д‘трăцк’с (“D‘trăck’s [‘Dietrich’s,’ or ‘Dragon’s’]”) 中國人 (“ƵChuṑnggkGHuóuárén [literally ‘Middle-Kingdom People’s,’ id est ‘Chinese’]”) Lineage-Derived Surname is 『 林 (“Lin [the iconographic character for ‘Tree’ represented in plurality – id est ‘Forest’ / ‘Jungle’]”)』; both of his First Name Elements 『一 (“yĪ [‘One,’ ‘Singular,’ ‘Throughout’ – id est ‘Totality’]”)』 and 『平 [“Píng [‘Calm,’ ‘Peaceful’ / ‘Flat,’ ‘Level’]”);』 combining as 『一平 (“yĪ-Píng [‘Striving Toward Attainment ‘o’ Peace;’ ‘To Tie,’ as in ‘Even The Score’ / ‘To Draw-Up;’ ‘A-‘leveling’ / ‘An ‘Evening Up’ / ‘A-‘Reckoning’ – id est ‘Cosmic Balance’ / ‘Divine Retribution’]”);』 – Familial and First Name Elements combining yet again (in Proper Asian Order) as 『林 一平 (“Lin yĪ-Píng [‘Path of Environmental Harmony’ or ‘Law of The Jungle;’ something akin to ‘Gǣĩǣn Sustainability’]”)』。
TAG’s : TD (Team Dietrich) Executrix-Producer and RR (REVOLUTION RADIO) Hostess Laura Lee Solomon, TD Coproductive Correspondent Judy Eggert, TD Hostess Amanda Eut, TDRA (Team Dietrich Research Assistant) Holly Kaditus Keifer, TDC (Team Dietrich Consultant) Michelle Carmela Saldana, Ma Dame Joyula Reign-Himbert, RR Hostess Mona Radler, Mƶ Mona Radler, RR Hostess Kira Young, Jeanette Russell, Cara Mastrey, Toni Leslie, Rebekah Boyer, Valarielbey Washitawn, Mara Hermann, Lintu Pieni, Sholla Blasing, Carol Doane Sloan, Laraine Hatcher, Yvonne Fiore, TDS (Team Dietrich Sponsor) Ben Astenius, Baron Ben Astenius, Rex Bear, TDC Abdul Qadim Haqq, TDC Daniel Arola, Devlin Adam Maras, Peter Moon, TDC Michael Basham & TDRA John Warrington.